Starting from 1990, Indonesia has had to face emerging issues of waste management and sustainable utilization of resources accompanying impressive economic growth. There exist room for the development of a complete, cradle-to-grave management system. Particularly in the recycling and reuse of non-hazardous waste as useful materials. A green economy is important to sustain the Earth as our home. Since 2015, Indonesia Government has a policy to treat waste to protect the environment through 3R (reuse, recycling, and recovery).
Taiwan owns technologies for waste minimization and cleaner production that are practical and mature. However, the local market is limited. Thus, the recycle and the reuse of industrial waste serves as an excellent topic for Taiwan to seek joint venture and collaboration with Indonesia, both academia and industrial sectors, so that a win-win scenario may be created.
As one of the leading countries in recycling and recovering waste, Taiwan owns mature legal and administrative systems and related technology for waste minimization and cleaner production. Recycling and reuse of industrial waste serve as an excellent topic for Taiwan to collaborate with Indonesia, both academia and industrial sectors. Private sectors, such as environmental consulting companies, equipment suppliers, cement manufacturers, may join with Indonesian counterparts.
Based on the collaboration goals on waste minimization and cleaner production, the National Taiwan of Science and Technology (NTUST) with Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS); Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University (UKWMS); and Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI) join to establish Science and Technology Innovation Center (STIC). The goals of the STIC are to strengthen cooperation on science and technology with Southeast Asian and South Asian countries, in line with the New Southbound Policy of the Taiwan Government. The STIC will serve as the hub-center of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) Taiwan that provides a platform for dialogues and communications.
The STIC program will be established for three years and has two offices in Indonesia, ITS, and UKWMS. The STIC has two main themes, namely circular economy, and innovative green resources. Mature technology such as the reuse of industrial waste as construction materials will be the topics for collaboration. The main issue that this center will develop include:
Utilization of fly ash from the power plant
Utilization of spent bleaching earth
Utilization of furnace slag
Solvent recycle and recovery
The goals are to strengthen cooperation on science and technology with southeast Asian countries and Taiwan.
Sustainable utilization of materials. Focusing on reuse of industrial by-products and waste as construction materials. Coal fly ash, water (alum) sludge, and spent bleaching clay are chosen.
The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan encourages universities and research institutes to set up overseas Science and Technology Innovation Center (STIC) with ASEAN countries, India, Australia, and New Zealand.
STIC will be the hub-center of the MOST to promote substantial collaboration and innovative technologies exchange with related countries.
Establishing a dialogue platform and an advisory committee involving academia, industry, and administrative sectors.
Establish key technologies and related data banks of experts and potential teams for collaboration.
Transforming technology for a circular economy and a green innovation resources